Reading Comprehension Strategies
Effective Reading Comprehension Strategies
Good reading teachers are expected to use different strategies to help improve the vocabulary and analytical abilities of their students. In implementing reading comprehension strategies in their teaching, a teacher has to consider the students in the class. If they’re already at a higher grade level, a direct teaching technique generally works. On the other hand, a younger class that is easily distracted might need a strategy that involves games. Either way, both are valid reading comprehension strategies, and are just two of many.
If the book has pictures in it, a teacher can have the students look at them and, tapping into their prior knowledge or experience, ask them to make predictions about the text they are about to read. After reading, a teacher must get them to see if their predictions hit their mark. This is basically one of the most effective reading comprehension strategies, as it helps the students make a connection with the text that they’re reading.
Another typical reading comprehension strategy is to conduct a question and answer session at the end of the lesson. It is a clear-cut way of finding out whether they understood what they have just read or not. A good teacher may also use questions that would remain unanswered by the end of the class as a homework opportunity, for them to go to the library or online to find the answers to.
If the text they just read involved some characters, egg them on to tell the class what they think of a character that caught their attention. Making the compare and contrast those characters would encourage them to develop opinions and the ability to see deeper than what meets their eye.
A younger class could also benefit from some role-playing. Undoubtedly, this is one of the most entertaining strategies that could be used in a reading class. Not only does it help the students see more perspectives of the book they’ve just finished reading, but also allows them to interpret certain situations and characters they way they see them in their head. Of course, this can only work when the material you’re having them read is one that involves a story, with a plot and characters. This means using this strategy on books explaining chemical reactions or how a car engine works is out of the question.
These are just a few of the many reading comprehension strategies out there. Implementing them, however, should not be limited to a classroom setting. Even parents can use them on their kids at home, and further improve their reading skills.